Ethical principles of Editors


ETHICS STANDARDS

The activity of the Territorija NEFTEGAS (Oil and Gas Territory) journal editorial staff is based on the international practices in the area of copyright and the laws of the RF.

The editorial staff tends to observe the ethics standards at all stages of the editorial-and-publishing process following the recommendations of such organizations as Committee on Publication Ethics – COPE (http://publicationethics.org/about), European Association of Science Editors – EASE (http://www.ease.org.uk), and Committee on Scientific Publications Ethics (http://publicet.org/code/).

The editors and the publisher of the journal follow the provisions in their work Publishing Ethics Resource Kit (http://www.elsevier.com/editors/perk) and Editorial Policy Statements (http://www.councilscienceeditors.org/resource-library/editorial-policies/), stated by the Council of Science Editors – CSE, and Code of Scientific Publications Ethics (http://publicet.org/code/).


GENERAL PROVISIONS

The main aim of the journal is to inform the scientific community and the specialists working in the branch about the newest scientific achievements and developments, the modern engineering solutions and the results of practical application of these innovations.

The editorial staff disallows publishing the materials with the contents in contrary to the laws of the Russian Federation.

The editorial staff adheres to neutrality regarding all challenging issues the authors of the articles deal with. At the same time the editorial staff encourages skill sharing and scholarly discussions on the journal pages.

The main principles the editorial staff is guided by are reliability, scholarly importance and currency of the published works. Besides, the negative results obtained by the authors within the researches are not an obstacle to publish them in the journal. The editorial staff guarantees consideration of all materials presented for publication, observance of editorial independence and conscientiousness when making the impartial decisions. The author's (authors') race, sex, age, nationality, citizenship, social position, sexual orientation, religious and political commitments and the commercial interests as well do not influence the journal editorial staff's decision on an article publication. All participants of the scientific research results publication process should observe the journal ethics standards: authors, reviewers, editorial board members, editorial staff and organizations interested in the information provided by the journal as well.

The editorial staff is responsible for quality of the published research papers and supports the initiatives directed at decrease in the number of inappropriate actions on the part of the authors and the reviewers and breach of the ethics standards.

The journal editorial staff has a right for the manuscript editorial changes. The editorial staff has a right to provide research paper materials partially or fully to Russian or foreign organizations ensuring scientific publication indexation and to place these materials on the journal web site.

The author's rights for each issue of the Territorija NEFTEGAS (Oil and Gas Territory) journal (fully) belong to the journal founder – Camelot Publishing CJSC. The journal materials reprint without the editorial staff's consent is prohibited; when quoting the references to the journal are mandatory.

The materials sent to the journal editorial staff are not returned to the authors. A compensation (fee) for the published materials is not paid. All research papers are published in the journal free of charge.


ETHICS REQUIREMENTS

1. The obligations and the area of responsibility of the editorial staff

The journal editorial staff:

• provides execution of the readers' and the authors' queries;

• takes all necessary measures to provide the high quality of the published materials;

• secures freedom of expression for all scientific community members;

• prevents precedence of the business factors over the intellectual criteria;

• if necessary, provides publication of corrections, explanations, denials and excuses.

The journal editorial staff is guided by such COPE ethical principles as:

• impartiality;

• observance of scientific ethics when reviewing the papers, encouragement of scholarly discussions between the authors and reviewers;

• assistance to protection of intellectual property and copyright;

• refusal of the manuscript in case of plagiarism – the materials of other authors published earlier without references to the primary sources;

• confidentiality (non-disclosure of the authors' and the reviewers' personal information and other information obtained within the professional interaction);

• making editorial correction in papers by agreement with authors.

The founders, the independent editorial board and the editor-in-chief make joint efforts to publish current, reliable and readable information in accordance with the journal aims giving due consideration to the issues of the editorial-and-publishing process material security. At the same time the decisions on paper publication are made based on their quality and interest for readers, rather than from the financial advantage considerations regardless of the journal economic and political situation.

The editorial staff takes part in formation of the journal contents and determination of the publication terms. The editor-in-chief and the editorial staff are obliged to take all reasonable measures providing the published materials required amount. The decisions of the editorial board and the editor-in-chief to accept for publication or to refuse a paper are to be based only on its importance, originality, readability and on compliance of its contents with the journal subject area as well.

The rules for the authors and the reviewers specifying all requirements (REFERENCES) are published on the web site available to the public. These rules are reviewed and corrected from time to time.

The journal staff do not consider the manuscripts simultaneously submitted to other publications. The papers that match the works of the same authors printed earlier to a considerable degree or being a part of the works submitted to the print and electronic publications or published therein are not accepted for publication.

The editorial staff decision on acceptance of papers for publication is invariable unless serious misunderstanding when submitting the latter. At the same time the editor-in- chief and the editorial staff provide the authors with outstanding claims with the possibility to send the materials for publication repeatedly.

All complaints and contradictions are considered in accordance with the journal editorial policy and COPE rules. The authors are provided with the possibility to reply to any complaints and to substantiate the existing contradictions in writing. The complaints are considered regardless of the publication approval time. All documentation connected with the complaints is preserved.

The journal publishes the well-reasoned criticism of the published materials unless the editorial staff have convincing reasons to abstain from such publications. The authors of the materials being criticized are also provided with the possibility to reply to the opponents' remarks.

The editor-in-chief and the editorial staff settle inner conflicts of interests and also conflicts of interests of the authors, the reviewers and the editorial board members.


2. The author's (authors') obligations


The author is a researcher who has made a substantial intellectual contribution to the published work. The author is responsible for at least one work component and should have an idea of contribution of other persons to the rest of components. The author should be sure of the qualification and the professionalism of their co-authors. The author should have accurate and full information on the research described in the paper that can be submitted for the editorial staff on request.

When the work is performed by a large multicentric group, its participants will specify the persons who are directly responsible for the manuscript preparation and contents. These persons have to meet the above mentioned authorship and co-authorship criteria; the editorial staff asks to fill the author's forms adopted by the journal. The consent of each author for publication of the data with the purpose of their further use is required.

All persons specified as the authors should comply with the authorship definition. Participation of each author in this work should be quite substantial to lay responsibility for an appropriate component. All work participants who do not meet the authorship criteria are specified in the "Acknowledgements" section. These participants include the persons who render assistance when planning, performing the research, collecting and analyzing the data and also when preparing the manuscript for publication or who give just technical support.

The editorial staff expects the authors observing the ethical principles and it should be expressed as follows:

• compliance of the materials with the ethics and legal standards including copyright protection laws (in particular, the materials protected by the copyright including tables, digits or long quotations can be reproduced only by the owner's permission);

• the research originality and scientific novelty;

• reliability of the obtained results;

• the researchers should use best endeavors to describe the work performance methodology clear and definitely in such way that their results can be approved by other researchers, if required;

• an impartial discussion of the research importance;

• acknowledgement of the contribution of other persons, an mandatory availability of the references to the used works;

• indication of all participants contributing to the research significantly as co-authors;

• informing about detection of significant errors or inaccuracies in the publication and interacting with the editorial staff with the purpose of the quickest error correction or the publication removal;

• lack of the adoptions without the references to their primary sources (plagiarism). The authors are fully responsible for reliability of the information contained in the submitted materials, for compliance of the materials with the statutory regulations, the moral rules and the ethics standards.

The author is not entitled to submit one paper for several scientific publications. When submitting a paper the author should inform the editor about all previous work submissions (including presentations at conferences and inclusion of the results into the registers) that can be considered as a duplicate or a double publication. A word-for- word reproduction of own works or their paraphrases are unacceptable; they can be used only as the base for new conclusions. If the manuscript contains the information published by the author earlier or submitted for another publication, this author should inform the editor about this.

 In such cases it is necessary to specify the previous publication and the appropriate reference in the new paper. It is also necessary to provide copies of the previous publications together with the manuscript. If the author makes an attempt of a duplicate or a double publication or performs it without an appropriate notice, the manuscript will be at least refused. If the editor-in-chief and the editorial staff have not been informed about the specified breach and the paper has been already printed, the information about the duplicate or the double publication with the author's explanation or consent or without them will be published. Besides, removal of the paper from the journal web site or from the web sites of the organizations responsible for publication indexation is allowed.

Within the whole publication process the author is obliged to cooperate with the editor and the publisher correcting the paper, if required.

In case of a potential conflict of interests (e.g. adverse interests that can influence the publication process and the editorial staff activity) when submitting the materials for publication the author is obliged to inform the editorial staff about it.

The author is fully responsible for a possible plagiarism of the text, the figures etc. Any breach of the copyright will be considered according to the COPE algorithm.

The manuscripts provided for consideration to the journal editorial staff should comply with the research paper manuscript formatting rules stated on the journal web site.


3. The reviewer obligations

 The editorial staff guarantees to perform independent reviewing of the materials allowing ensuring honesty and objectivity of the statement regarding the scientific value of the paper to be published. Reviewing is performed by the journal editorial board members having appropriate scientific profession. If required, the leading scientists of Russia and highly qualified specialist-practitioners can be involved in reviewing.

According to the journal policy the editorial staff establishes the procedure of reviewing of the materials to be published under the Reviewing Rules stated on the web site. Confidentiality of the information about the authors and the reviewers is provided when reviewing the manuscripts. Breach of confidentiality is allowed only in case of suspicions of deception or falsification on the part of the authors or the reviewers. The editor-in-chief and the editorial board are not entitled to disclose the information about the manuscript (including the data on its receipt, contents or reviewing stage, reviewer remarks or final decision) to anyone except for the authors and the reviewers.

 The editor-in-chief and the editorial staff explain to the reviewers that the manuscripts sent to them are confidential messages and a part of the authors' property. This presupposes respect for the copyright by the reviewers and the editorial staff; they should avoid public discussion of the submitted works before the manuscripts publication. The reviewers are not entitled to copy the received manuscripts in their files or to provide them to other persons without the editor's permission. They are obliged to return or to delete a manuscript copy after presenting a review. The manuscripts refused by the editorial staff are not preserved. The reviewer remarks are not published and not made public otherwise without the reviewer's, the manuscript authors' or the editor's permission.
 
The reviewer is obliged to be guided by the following ethical principles:

 • to perform reviewing of the manuscripts and the reviewer has sufficient knowledge for their assessment;

 • to prepare a review in time based on the constructive approach;
  
 • to maintain confidentiality;
  
 • to be impartial when making a review;
  
 • to inform the editor about the materials published earlier in this or another publication, if available;

 • to inform the editor and, if required, to give the paper to another reviewer in case of potential conflict of interests (financial, organizational or other relations between the reviewer and the author);

• the review contents should not be influenced by the manuscript origin, the authors' nationality, sex, religious and political commitments;
  
 • not to use the information obtained within the reviewing process for the personal purposes and in the interests of other persons;

 • to be guided by the "Singapore Statement on Research Integrity (2010) http://www.singaporestatement.org/statement.html.

 The compliance of the submitted paper with the journal requirements regarding the subject area and the volume is analyzed in the review; the scientific and technical novelty, the material grammatical correctness and clarity, the experimental data cogency, the references representativeness are assessed as well. The result of a paper consideration by a reviewer is a conclusion on its publication possibility – in the submitted form, with improvements, after an essential revision (with reconsideration) or on its refusal. This conclusion is approved by the journal editorial staff and/or the editorial board. Under the results of external and internal reviewing a paper review with indication of the required improvements and terms they are to be made within is sent to the author. The editorial staff will reserve the right to refuse the material without an independent reviewing, if the paper is considered to be low-quality or inappropriate for the journal readers. This decision is made by the editor-in-chief and the editorial board honestly and impartially taking into account the journal editorial policy. If the reviewers open a question regarding reliability of the data and reasonability of the scientific paper publication, the editorial staff will give the author an opportunity to answer the raised questions. The reviewers should assess the manuscript honestly and impartially, formulate their remarks clear and reasonably assessing only the paper scientific contents. The criticism of the author's personality is unacceptable.

 THE CONSIDERATION PROCEDURE OF THE DEVIATIONS FROM THE ESTABLISHED ETHICS STANDARDS

 Bad or unethical behavior can be identified and brought to the editor-in-chief's and the publisher's knowledge at any stage of the publication process. The person who informs the editor-in-chief or the publishing house about the deviations from the ethics standards should provide a sufficient amount of information and evidence. All applications will be accepted, considered and processed. The decision on making an investigation is made by the editor-in-chief who can ask the publisher for help, if required. It is necessary to collect evidence avoiding any charges. Consideration of insignificant deviations does not require consultations with a large number of specialists. The author is to be given an opportunity to reply regarding any charges anyway. In case of significant deviations the editor together with the publisher or the scientific society makes a decision on the necessity to inform the employer or the author's or the reviewer's research supervisor.

 The consequences (according to the deviation significance; can be applied separately or in combination):

 • indication for a deviation to the author or the reviewer;

 • an official letter to the author or the reviewer with indication for a deviation to avoid a deviation from the ethics standards in the author's or the reviewer's further papers;

 • publication of an official notice with a detailed deviation description;

 • publication of a paper with the deviation details;

 • an official letter to the author's or the reviewer's chief or research supervisor;

 • an official refusal to publish and an official notice to the author's chief, the reviewing department, the indexation and abstracting agency and the publication readers;

 • a prohibition to publish this author for a particular period of time.

 CORRECTIONS AND DENIALS

 The editorial staff proceeds from the fact that the authors provide qualitative works in compliance with the ethical principles. Errors can be nevertheless detected in already printed papers and publication of corrections is required. Such corrections are published in the "News" section in the next journal issue after receipt of the error notice by the editorial staff and contain the full quotation and the bibliographical description of the paper original version.

When placing the text in the Internet the corrections should contain a reference to the original paper. At the same time the original paper should contain the reference to the corrections. A denial is either published in the "News" section or made as an individual paper in print or online versions of the journal.

The decision on the denial publication necessity is made by the editor-in-chief, the editorial board and the publisher based on a well- reasoned statement giving the reason the denial publication is necessary and the paper full output data are stated for. Detection of a paper containing knowingly false data gives the ground to doubt about reliability of this author's works published earlier.


The editor-in-chief and the editorial staff can request an approval of validity of the works published earlier or their denial by the author's organization. If this requirement is not fulfilled, the editor-in-chief and the editorial staff can print an application containing a concern on reliability of the materials published earlier.

 ADVERTISING MATERIALS

 Publication of the advertising materials does not influence the editorial decision making. The editor-in-chief is authorized to control placement of advertisement messages, to determine and to implement the journal advertising policy.

If required, the editor-in-chief and the editorial staff use statements of independent organizations when reviewing the advertising materials. The editor-in-chief and the editorial staff take into account all critical comments regarding the placed advertising materials.
The editorial staff can refuse to publish the advertising materials, if an advertisement message contains a knowingly false statement or if it is determined that this advertiser's materials have contained incomplete or unreliable information.

 ELECTRONIC PUBLISHING

 The recommendations stated in this document are also valid for the electronic versions of the published manuscripts for clarity and consistency.